HOUSE FINCH

HOUSE FINCH (Haemorhous mexicanus) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The House Finch is a small passerine bird that measures around 12 cm (5 in.) long. The male has a reddish head, throat and breast. The back, wings and underside are streaked brown. Females have no red and are streaked brown. The Hawaiian population has more orange and yellow in the male than main land individuals.
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/explore?query=house+finch
NAME: The English name ‘Finch’ would have an onomatopoeic origin from old English. The Latin genus name is from Greek and means ‘blood’ and ‘rump’, in reference to the bird’s color. The species name ‘mexicanus’ indicates the origin of this bird, mainly Mexico.
HABITAT:   In its native habitat it lives in desert grasslands and the savannah. In Hawaii it can be found on grasses and around residential areas, even on lanais of high-rise condos in the middle of the city.
DIET: As its conical bill indicates, this bird is mainly a seed eater. It is attracted to bird feeders.
NESTING: Exceptionally for a bird, this finch will only feed a vegetarian diet to their young.
DISTRIBUTION: The house finch is a year-round resident in Mexico and the western USA. It was introduced to Hawaii in the 1800s, and is now widespread in that state. It was introduced in the New York area in the 1940s. Since then they have established themselves in the whole eastern half of the USA, as well as southern and eastern Canada.
CONSERVATION: House finches are listed as of ‘least concern’, as their numbers are in the hundreds of millions.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Purple Finch (To help distinguish that species from the house finch, please check this article.)
REFERENCES: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_finch
https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/House_Finch/id
https://www.thespruce.com/house-finch-387252
https://identify.whatbird.com/obj/105/_/House_Finch.aspx
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/h/house-finch/

House Finch, male - Madison, WI - Mar. 2012 - photo by John Benson
House Finch, male – Madison, WI – Mar. 2012 – photo by John Benson
House Finch pair - Natick, MA - Mar. 2015 - photo by Konstantin Solomatov
House Finch pair – Natick, MA – Mar. 2015 – photo by Konstantin Solomatov
House finches on the grass - Diamond Head, Oahu - Jan. 31, 2014
House finches on the grass – Diamond Head, Oahu – Jan. 31, 2014

BACK TO THE TOP