COMMON SANDPIPER

COMMON SANDPIPER (Actitis hypoleucos) – (See images below)
DESCRIPTION: The Common Sandpiper has a brown head and back, and brown wings. The breast is brown and the under parts are white. The bill is brown and the legs are yellow.  This bird is approximately about 8 inches (20 cm) long.
VOICE: https://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Actitis-hypoleucos
NAME: The English name ‘Sandpiper’ stems from ‘sand’, and Latin ‘pipa’, which means to ‘chirp’. The Latin genus name Actitis is from Greek and means a ‘dweller on the sea coast’ (Choate). As for the Latin species name means ‘beneath’ and ‘white’.
HABITAT: Shorelines with shallow water.
DIET: Small invertebrates.
NESTING: The nest is built on the ground near water. Around four beige eggs are laid, which are incubated by both parents. These also both care for the chicks.
DISTRIBUTION: This sandpiper is an Old World species, and breeds in Europe and Asia.  It migrates to Africa, southeast Asia and Australia for the winter. Some vagrants have been able to reach Hawaii.
CONSERVATION: The population of this sandpiper is widespread and the species is not considered at risk.
SIMILAR SPECIES: Spotted Sandpiper (closely related)
REFERENCES: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_sandpiper
http://www.birdsinbackyards.net/species/Actitis-hypoleucos
https://australianmuseum.net.au/learn/animals/birds/common-sandpiper/
https://identify.whatbird.com/obj/983/overview/Common_Sandpiper.aspx
http://www.oiseaux-birds.com/card-common-sandpiper.html

Common sandpiper, Onda River, Naruse, Machida, Japan
Common sandpiper, Onda River, Naruse, Machida, Japan

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